Visual Perception in Arts and Neuroscience
Professor Rodrigo Quian Quiroga
Higher Education Institute
Engineering, University of Leicester
How do we perceive art and what is it so special about it? What processes in our brain lead us to appreciate and enjoy a piece of art in a museum? This is a fascinating question that should be ideally approached by interdisciplinary teams involving neuroscientists and artists, among others. In spite of the potential of such interactions, given the relevance of the questions that can be posed and scientifically addressed, the links between science and arts have been so far very limited. However, it is very interesting that visual artists are aware (at least intuitively) of some principles of visual perception in Neuroscience since very long. For example, Neuroscientists study issues such as colour perception, how shape and depth are perceived, etc., which are well-known in Arts. In this respect, the basic idea of our project is to combine knowledge about visual perception from arts and neuroscience and create an exhibition with a selection of about 10 canvases using, and at the same time showing, principles of visual perception. The goal is not only to create novel art pieces, but also to use these canvases as an engaging way to show these neuroscience principles to the general public, which explain something as interesting as how do we see. For this purpose, each of the canvases will be accompanied with a simple and graphical explanation of the neuroscience principle used. The set of works to be presented in this Art & Science exhibition will be also used to further study how people look at art pieces in the museum environment, which is the topic of our current Beyond Text award.